OAuth 2 详解(二):Implict Grant Flow

RFC6749 中,Implict Grant Flow的流程图比较复杂:

+----------+
| Resource |
|  Owner   |
|          |
+----------+
     ^
     |
    (B)
+----|-----+          Client Identifier     +---------------+
|         -+----(A)-- & Redirection URI --->|               |
|  User-   |                                | Authorization |
|  Agent  -|----(B)-- User authenticates -->|     Server    |
|          |                                |               |
|          |<---(C)--- Redirection URI ----<|               |
|          |          with Access Token     +---------------+
|          |            in Fragment
|          |                                +---------------+
|          |----(D)--- Redirection URI ---->|   Web-Hosted  |
|          |          without Fragment      |     Client    |
|          |                                |    Resource   |
|     (F)  |<---(E)------- Script ---------<|               |
|          |                                +---------------+
+-|--------+
  |    |
 (A)  (G) Access Token
  |    |
  ^    v
+---------+
|         |
|  Client |
|         |
+---------+

但是实际应用中,我们通常只会采用 ABCG 四步,省略DEF。Implict Grant 是一种简化的授权流程,它的流程如下:

Implict Grant Flow

  1. 用户点击登录
  2. 浏览器(或者App打开webview)重定向到Authorization Server,带上 client_id, redirect_uri, scope, state, response_type 设置为 token
  3. Authorization Server 检测到用户没有登录或没有授权过,重定向到授权页面(如果没有登录,先到登录页)
  4. 用户同意授权
  5. Authorization Server 重定向回第2步设置的 redirect_uri,并且带上 access_token, state, expires_in

至此,我们就已经拿到了 access_token,从而可以进行后续步骤。而RFC中,多出了 D、E两步,我们可以看一下RFC中的流程描述:

The flow illustrated in Figure 4 includes the following steps:

   (A)  The client initiates the flow by directing the resource owner's
        user-agent to the authorization endpoint.  The client includes
        its client identifier, requested scope, local state, and a
        redirection URI to which the authorization server will send the
        user-agent back once access is granted (or denied).

   (B)  The authorization server authenticates the resource owner (via
        the user-agent) and establishes whether the resource owner
        grants or denies the client's access request.

   (C)  Assuming the resource owner grants access, the authorization
        server redirects the user-agent back to the client using the
        redirection URI provided earlier.  The redirection URI includes
        the access token in the URI fragment.

   (D)  The user-agent follows the redirection instructions by making a
        request to the web-hosted client resource (which does not
        include the fragment per [RFC2616]).  The user-agent retains the
        fragment information locally.

   (E)  The web-hosted client resource returns a web page (typically an
        HTML document with an embedded script) capable of accessing the
        full redirection URI including the fragment retained by the
        user-agent, and extracting the access token (and other
        parameters) contained in the fragment.

   (F)  The user-agent executes the script provided by the web-hosted
        client resource locally, which extracts the access token.

   (G)  The user-agent passes the access token to the client.

   See Sections 1.3.2 and 9 for background on using the implicit grant.
   See Sections 10.3 and 10.16 for important security considerations
   when using the implicit grant.

我们结合实际的例子,那就是在App里,使用Google帐号登录,那么就应该先弹出一个Webview才能进行URL跳转,所以结合这个例子,步骤就是:

  • 步骤A: App打开webview,将网页重定向到授权服务器,授权服务器展示授权页面
  • 步骤B: 用户同意授权
  • 步骤C: 授权服务器重定向回步骤A中给定的 redirect_uri,并且在URL中携带 access_token
  • 步骤D: 由于这是一个浏览器页面,App无法直接将 access_token 返回给App,所以再次重定向到一个客户端获取access_token用的页面
  • 步骤E: 该页面执行一段 JS 脚本,将 access_token 提取出来
  • 步骤F: 返回给App

实际上,我们可以把步骤D、E、F合并成一个步骤,也就是当授权服务器重定向回来时,我们就在该页面执行一段JS脚本,将 access_token 提取出来,然后使用JS Bridge,或者deeplink的方式将access token提交给App,这样就简化了整个流程。

Implict Grant Flow缺点

Implict Grant Flow 的优点就是,简单,比起 Authorization Code Flow来说,少了很多步骤,但是缺点就是由于 access_token 是存放 在URL里,如果将URL分享出去了,那么拿到 access_token 就可以访问对应的资源,不是很安全。现在业界不是很推荐使用这种授权方式。


refs:


微信公众号
关注公众号,获得及时更新

更多文章
  • 关于ORM的思考
  • MySQL指定使用索引(使用索引提示)
  • 搭建samba服务器
  • QT5使用GTK主题
  • ssh时自动运行tmux
  • ufw简明教程
  • zerotier简明教程
  • 提取kindle笔记
  • 一个Golang gRPC握手错误的坑
  • Golang(Go语言)爬虫框架colly简明教程及源码阅读与分析
  • 选择合适的技术栈
  • Golang的template(模板引擎)简明教程
  • 毕业三年,一路走来
  • 代码的坏味道
  • 消息分帧(字符串设计或协议设计)的两种形式